In this presentation, we provide some examples of major sports diplomacy events in the 20th and 21st century. Divided in three periods (before World War II / the Cold War period / the post-Cold War period), the case studies concentrate on international initiatives, soft power issues and civil society projects. With regard to international politics, it seems that the power of sport should not be overestimated. However, it can help support crucial processes of reconciliation, national emancipation, or serve national / regional interests, for better or worse.
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